created by Sandy Simmons
Introduction | The Task | The Process & Resources | Conclusion | HyperText Dictionary
Imagine you are outside riding your bike and you notice dark clouds in the distance. Suddenly you see a flash of lightning. What should you do to be safe? How does lightning form and what type of electricity is it? Let's find the correct answers to these questions and more exciting information about electricity and lightning.
So what do you have to do? You will be part of a four-person group, selected by the teacher. Your mission:
1. Creat a poster showing some of the Safety Tips during Lightning Storms. This can be done by drawing pictures or making a collage.
2. Present your poster to the class and tell why you chose those safety tips.
3. Write a 1-2 page paper about ONE of the following:
a. Famous Inventors dealing with static electricty or lightning. Explain what they invented, how they made the discovery, why it is important, and some information about the person.
b. Facts about Static Electricity. Include information such as what it is, how does it form, give some examples of static electricity, and what can you do to control or stop it.
c. Facts and myths about Lightning. Include information such as what type of electricity is lightning, what causes a lightning strike, how to protect yourself during a lightning storm, and some myths about lightning.
4. Give a briefing to the class about the information you have written in your paper.
In this WebQuest you will be working together with a group of four students in class. Each group will make a poster and write a paper on one of the items listed in #3 above. As a member of the group you will explore Webpages from people all over the world who care about Electricity and Lightning. Because these are real Webpages, not made just for schools, the reading level might challenge you. Feel free to use the online Webster dictionary or one in your classroom.
You'll begin by looking at some of the web sites to decide which area your group would like to write their paper on. You can each take one part of the paper to become and expert on and write information about that part. Don't forget to go over your information with the rest of your team to get their reaction before beginning to write the paper. Every team must create a Safety Poster, so you will need to visit the web sites about Lightning Safety.
Visit the site below to help you decide which category you'd like to do your paper. This page has information about inventors, static electricity, lightning, and more.
- Electricity Facts - Comparison of static and current electricity. References to Edison and Franklin.
1. Individuals or pairs from your larger WebQuest team will explore one of the roles below.
2. Read through the files linked to your group. If you print out the files, underline the passages that you feel are the most important. If you look at the files on the computer, copy sections you feel are important by dragging the mouse across the passage and copying / pasting it into a word processor or other writing software.
3. Note: Remember to write down or copy/paste the URL of the file you take the passage from so you can quickly go back to it if you need to to prove your point.
4. Focus what you've learned into one main idea based on the topic your group is writing about using the information you learned from the links provided.
Static ElectricityUse the Internet information linked below if you are writing your paper about Static Electricity.
- Static Electricity & Lightning - A good explanation of static electricity with definitions and animated pictures.
- Static Electricity Quiz - Multiple choice quiz about static electricity. Feedback is provided upon completion of the quiz.
- Controlling Static Electricity - Stop Getting Shocks - How can I stop getting shocked? How can I stop static cling? How can I protect from damage caused by sparks or lightning? This lesson will answer those questions and explain about stopping static electricity
- Basics of Static Electricity - Explanation of static electricity. Common examples of static electricity in action are given. Questions answered include: What causes static electricity? Why do things attract or repel? What causes a spark?
Lightning FactsUse the Internet information linked below if you are writing your paper about Lightning Facts.
- Lightning - What causes a lightning strike and how the strike actually occurs.
- How close was that lightning? - How to figure out how far away a storm is by counting the seconds between seeing the lightning and hearing the thunder. Also has a link describing why lightning seems to strike 'out of the blue'.
- Lightning, The Big Spark - Explanation of how lightning forms with animated picture.
- Lightning and Thunder - Describes how thunder is produced and why we don't always hear it.
- Myths and Facts of Lightning - Some myths that people think are true and the real truth.
- Mastery, Mystery and Myths about Lightning - As primitive man looked for answers about the natural world, lightning became a part of his superstitions, his myths and his early religions.
InventorsUse the Internet information linked below if you are writing your paper about Inventors.
- History of the Van de Graaff Generator - Designed and built by Dr. Robert J. Van de Graaff, who was a professor at MIT, this generator was originally used as a research tool in early atom-smashing and high energy X-ray experiments.
- Franklin's Kite - Franklin's famous kite experiment. Did it happen with the kite and the key? Read this to find out more information.
- The Lightening Rod - Ben Franklin's experiments with lightning.
- The Wizard of Menlo Park - Reference to Edison's many inventions including the incandescent light bulb
- Michael Faraday - He discovered that an electric current would be generated if a magnet passed through a loop of wire. This is the basis for generators that are used to generate electricity. It is said to be the biggest breakthrough in electricity in the 1800's, and is known as the electromagnetic induction effect.
Lightning SafetyUse the Internet information linked below to find information directly related to Lightning Safety.
- Electricity ~ Tips for Staying Safe - General safety tips about electrical devices and power lines.
- Lightning Safety Quiz - Five question quiz related to lightning. Answers can be checked by clicking on 'check answers' at the bottom.
- Lightning Safety - Interactive page about lightning safety knowledge. Additional links for lightning safety rules and fun lightning experiments
- When it's Raining Cats and dogs, Play it Safe - Kids and lightning safety.
Each team will present their findings to the class from the paper they wrote. Each team member will present the information they researched. Remember to speak loud enough for everyone to hear you. Use a good speaking voice, have expression in your voice. Also remember to speak to your classmates, not the paper you are holding. This means look up from your paper when you are speaking and make eye contact with your classmates.
Any or all of the team members can present and talk about the poster. If you wanted a particular item included on the poster, you may want to talk about that item.
You and your teammates have learned a lot by dividing up into different roles. Now's the time to let others share in your learning. The posters will be displayed around the classroom with your papers posted underneath them. The other two fourth grade science classes will be invited to come and see your work. Be prepared to answer any questions they may have.
Your parents will also have a chance to see your work when they come for Parent-Teacher Conferences.
Your Contact is: the designated contact
Now you have learned how to be safe during a lightning storm. You know what to do if you are outside and a storm is coming. You have also learned much about static electricity and lightning and how they are related. You've learned about some inventions related to lightning and inventions to control or stop static electricity and how those inventions came about. Great work! You should be proud of yourselves! How can you use what you've learned to help other people stay safe during lightning storms? What other parts of Electricity could still be explored? Remember, learning never stops.
Content by Sandy Simmons, email@example.com
Last revised Sat Feb 28 14:53:17 US/Pacific 2004